吉林市列车员老孙收藏的16把钥匙,见证了新中国铁路的发展史

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6月16日,吉林市天气晴朗。

最近,它总是阴天,天气不透明,天气稍热。就像老孙子的心情一样,他以为他很快就会退休离开铁路岗位,他的心总是心慌。

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孙明金,吉林客运部指挥

这位名叫孙明金的老孙子,59岁,是吉林客运部的普通列车长。他的祖父和父亲都是铁路人。 1980年,他也加入了铁路行列。

在多年的铁路工作中,他精心收集了16种不同类型的火车钥匙,这已成为铁路发展数十年的见证。

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Old Sun的16把钥匙

这一天,在吉林客运区五楼的党建活动室,老孙向记者展示了16把钥匙。这些钥匙目前由党委珍惜。

这些钥匙有一系列四个,最后有一个老式瓶子驱动器,还有一个带有改进内键,内四角和内六角的手电筒。老孙子将钥匙分成四堆,代表他经历的四个铁路发展时期。

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旧太阳和他的16把钥匙

“这实际上是一个五向钥匙。当时,我把钥匙交给乘客拧螺丝,修理盒子,然后把它弄坏了。现在它已经翻了四倍。”老太阳持有第一堆的内部。三角形的钥匙链是隐蔽的,时间可以追溯到他刚刚接手的时候。

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培训师孙明进正在打火车

那时,大多数铁路都是由日本和苏联的蒸汽机车经营。内部是一个木制座椅。火车跑“拥抱”和“吐黑烟”。汽车到处通风,冬天燃烧的煤更多。机舱内的温度也低于零。

Lao Sun said: "At that time, the models were mixed, and the keys in the compartment were inconsistent, so it was necessary to put 5 keys together. This is the origin of the five-key."

From the mid-1980s to the 1990s, the old-fashioned "22-type" trains were gradually on the line, the cabin environment was getting better and better, and the seats were changed from wood to soft leather, which made it more comfortable to sit on. At this time, the locks in the car were finally unified into a "master key." The same conductors as the old grandson entered the era of "a key to the car." At that time, the train had not been speeded up. More than 1,000 hours had to go for more than 20 hours. At night, the ticket was checked and the lights in the car were dim. The conductor often had a flashlight in his mouth, and the key was used to drive the door and check the passengers.

"I have been pondering over and over, looking for someone to make this 'Ding' car key, the key is a mini flashlight." The old Sun mouth with a smile, the hand caressing this "flashlight key" can no longer shine . His gizmo was once a hot item in the eyes of the flight attendants, and everyone who came to duty to ask for the key.

By the end of the 1990s, the old grandson had transferred to the air-conditioned car, and was catching up with the national railway for the first time. The train ran to the speed of 140 kilometers per hour. He also received a brand new train door key a bottle-type key.

"The environment of the air-conditioned car has been improved a lot more than before, and the car lights have gradually changed from light bulbs to tube lights and ceiling lamps. The heating in the car is no longer dependent on burning coal, but is used up. Car seats, cars The windows have been upgraded," said the old grandson.

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Trainer Sun Mingjin takes the key on the train to tease the child

xx2013年,老孙当值的列车换成600伏直供电空调车体,手中的钥匙也换成了内六角,电镀工艺的“康尼”钥匙。“这钥匙符合人体力学,杠杆原理,不费力,轻便,美观。”老孙说。这些年来,火车钥匙的工艺越来越好,这从一个侧面也反映出我国铁路事业的发展进入了快车道。车内饰,车上服务等标准也越来越高,百姓的乘车也更加舒适了。以前想去个较远的地方通常要二三十个小时,提速后一般都能够实现朝发夕至。

2017年,老孙腰部做了手术,如今眼看也要退休了。单位为了照顾他,给他换上了值乘时间短的列车。

“真不愿意提分别啊。一转眼快40年了,我还记得当初接班时父亲对我的嘱托,他让我好好干,不能丢脸。我这辈子,一直和火车打交道,和乘客打交道。我想,我没给父亲丢脸吧。”老孙语气越来越低沉。

后来,他向同事要到一把动车车门原厂钥匙。虽然没能登上动车服务旅客,不过有了这把钥匙,对他来说也是一种安慰。这些钥匙寄托着老孙对铁路的感情和对铁路事业未来发展的期盼和憧憬。

“我想让更多人通过这16把钥匙的故事了解我国铁路发展的历程。”老孙说以后。铁路事业发展除了方便旅客出行,更多的是促进当地资源流动,助推地方经济振兴。他还要把这16把钥匙的故事讲给他的孙子听。

“我一辈子平平凡凡,唯一值得骄傲的,就是我是一名铁路人,见证了祖国铁路事业从落后到领先世界的过程。作为一名参与者,我无比自豪!”这就是一个平凡父辈人的爱国情怀。

图片由吉林客运段提供

吉林日报社出品

策划:姜忠孝

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作者:吉林日报全媒体记者毕玮琳温月

编辑:马贺

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